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What to know about Prostate Cancer?

Symptoms | Causes | Treatment | Stages

Prostate cancer develops in the prostate gland, a part of the reproductive system in men and people assigned male at birth. Many people choose active surveillance (no treatment) because prostate cancer tends to grow slowly and stay in the gland. For cancers that grow fast and spread, common treatments include radiation and surgery.

What are the Symptoms of Prostate Cancer?

In most cases there are no symptoms in the early stages, however, checkup helps in detection of changes that can give sign of this cancer.

The Checkup involves finding levels of PSA in your blood. High levels suggest that there can be presence of the cancer in your prostate.

Following are some more symptoms for males-

  • Difficulty in starting & maintaining urine flow
  • Frequent urge of urine at night
  • Bloody in semen or urine
  • Pain during urination
  • Pain in ejaculation in some cases
  • discomfort during sitting position, Incase, the prostate is enlarged
  • difficulty in getting the erection

What are the causes of Prostate Cancer?

Researchers are unsure about the exact cause of Prostate cancer. It develops when specific changes occur in glandular cells. When prostate gland appears abnormal, a doctor may refer these changes as prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN).

In prostate cancer, normal cells eventually die, but cancer cells don’t. Even, they grow fast into a tumor. As the cells continue to multiply, parts of the tumor can break off and spread to others parts of your body.

Almost, all males over the age of 50 years have PIN. Prostate cancer grows slowly. Most of the cancers are diagnosed before it has spread beyond the prostate. Prostate cancer is highly treatable at this stage.

Other potential causes include:

  • Smoking.
  • Prostatitis.
  • Having a BMI > 30 (having obesity).

What are the treatments of Prostate Cancer?

Treatment of prostate cancer depends on various factors like, overall condition of the patient, if the cancer spread. Also, how fast it’s spreading into your body.

Patient should work with various urologists, radiation oncologists, medical oncologists.

Many prostate cancer are diagnosed in early stages of the cancer and can be cured with proper treatment.

Some types of treatments are –

  • Surgery-

Most common types of treatment for prostate cancer is Surgery. In this type of treatment, Surgeon can remove diseased prostate gland using OPEN, LAPROSCOPIC or ROBOTIC surgery.

In this, urologist may perform a procedure called PROSTATECTOMY.

There are two types of PROSTATECTOMY –

  1. Open radical prostatectomy – Surgeon makes a single cut into your abdomen from your belly button to pubic bone and removes that disease prostate gland.
    1. Robotic radical prostatectomy – Surgeon performs several tiny incisions. In this, surgery is performed by a robot system.
  2. Radiation Therapy –

It this type of treatment, prostate glands are removed through radiation beams.

Brachytherapy – A type of radiation therapy, it involves placing radioactive seeds inside your prostate. This treatment kills cancer cells while preserving healthy cells.

  • External beam radiation therapy –

It this treatment, a machine delivers strong X-ray beams directly to the disease prostate gland. In this radiation therapy, it can direct high doses of radiation toward the tumor while spreading surrounding healthy tissue.

  • Hormonal Therapy –

The hormone testosterone boosts cancer cell growth. This treatment uses medicines. The medicines work by preventing testosterone from reaching cancer cells or by reducing your testosterone levels. This surgery is an option for people who don’t want to take medications.

  • Chemotherapy –

Chemotherapy uses medicines to destroy cancer cells. You may receive chemotherapy alone or with hormone therapy if your cancer has spread beyond your prostate.

  • Immunotherapy –

Immunotherapy strengthens your immune system so it’s better able to identify and fight cancer cells. Your healthcare provider may recommend immunotherapy to treat advanced cancer or recurrent cancer.

  • Targeted Therapy –

Zeroes in on the genetic changes that turn healthy cells into cancer cells to prevent them from growing and multiplying. This therapies treat prostate cancer destroy cancer cells with BRCA gene mutations.

What are the stages of Prostate Cancer?

Knowing about the stage of CA prostate can help a patient understand what he should expect. We have listed the stages below for you-

  • Stage I –   Cancer is present only in the prostate gland.
  • Stage II –  Cancer has not yet spread from the prostate, But a person has higher PSA level.
  • Stage III – Cancer has advanced and spread to nearby tissues.
  • Stage IV –  In this stage, Cancer has gone on to spread to other parts the body like the lungs or bones.

When should I call my healthcare provider?

You should call your healthcare provider if you experience:

  • Difficulty peeing.
  • Peeing frequently (incontinence).
  • Pain when you pee or have intercourse.
  • Blood in your pee or semen.

Incase you wish to know more about prostate cancer treatment cost in India / best prostate treatment hospitals and doctors in India, Please feel free to contact our Helpline: +91 9818857545 for immediate assistance & support.

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A successful Prostate Cancer Surgery of Arkansas Patient

In 2007, I wasn’t expecting a prostate cancer diagnosis when I agreed to have my PSA tested to help promote a local church health fair for homeless men. This kind of community activity was part of my mission as an Arkansas state legislator and health care advocate. I had been to the doctor just six months earlier and was told everything looked good. However, after the health fair, I was directed to consult a physician because my PSA level was suspicious. After a biopsy, I was diagnosed with prostate cancer at the age of 54. I was completely shocked.

At first, I only told my daughter, Camille, but after choosing a treatment method—robotic surgery—I decided to share my diagnosis with more people. Midway between elections, I went public to both my family and my legislative friends. My main concern, though, was making sure the cancer didn’t recur.

I completed roughly a year of treatment, including 40 rounds of radiation. Everything remained stable. But two years later, my PSA levels began to rise. I was recently engaged to be married and considering running for re-election. I was heartbroken. All of my life’s plans were in jeopardy.

I had completed scans that revealed that the cancer had metastasized in my body. I made a decision that I needed to see if there were other treatment options available to me. I wanted to find a facility that specialized in cancer. One day, I was talking to a friend, and she recommended GHN Healthcare Services. So I called and spoke to someone at GHN Healthcare. They talked to me about how the hospital could help me. They told me that they would make the travel arrangements for me, obtain insurance verification and get my medical records. I decided to go and at least check it out.

In 2013, I arrived at GHN Healthcare, India and met with my medical oncologist and care team. I told my multidisciplinary team that I came to GHN Healthcare because I wanted to extend my life and I wasn’t ready to give up. I completed tests and scans so that my doctors could fully understood the extent of my cancer. The results of the scans came back, and it was revealed that I had stage 4 prostate cancer that had metastasized to the bone. My cancer had spread to my neck, back, rib cage and spinal cord. The team educated me about my cancer, presented treatment options and allowed me to ask lots of questions. Then, working together as a team, we formulated a treatment plan that was personalized to me. They knew that it was important for me to maintain my quality of life so I could accomplish the goals and objectives that I had set for myself and for my community.

My care team collaboratively prepared a personalized, compassionate and aggressive cancer-fighting plan that helped me live my life. During my cancer-fighting journey, I had hormone therapy and chemotherapy, and radiation to relieve back pain. I also underwent a bilateral mastectomy for cosmetic reasons, and my team has supported me spiritually and physically at every step. Any side effects from treatment were immediately addressed, and I was encouraged to move forward with my personal plans and career goals. My care team gave me real hope. They even worked with my schedule because I was going through an election. My care team allowed me to briefly delay some treatment options until my election was over, and my team of doctors put together an innovative cancer treatment regimen for me.

After knowing about team GHN and connecting with Team GHN in India for Robotic prostate surgery cost in India who promised that they will be with us throughout this journey starting from getting the best doctor and hospital with affordable package, managing all the logistics, and promise of HAND HOLDING CARE on the ground in India, I was relaxed.

The extraordinary multidisciplinary care and treatment that I received was impressive. Instead of being treated like an ordinary patient, I was treated like a valued partner in my health care decisions. Everyone, including doctors, nurses, supportive therapists and other employees, consistently demonstrated an unprecedented attitude of hope, hospitality and humanity.

After a week, I took a flight back to Arkansas and went back to their country with all the wonderful memories from India. They took all the medications along with them and Team GHN assured them that they can connect with treating doctor anytime incase of any assistance. Follow is a very crucial thing and professionals at GHN are always ready to assist patients who are in India and also the ones who have travelled back to their respective countries.

For any queries, regarding robotic prostate surgery cost in India/best robotic surgery hospitals in India/best robotic prostate surgery centres in India/best specialist for robotic prostate surgery in India, Please feel free to Call or whatsApp at +91 9818857545. Our team will be glad to help you with all the information you require.

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